A bipolar disorder is categorized either as Type I or Type II. In Type I, an individual might experience a full-blown mania. In Type II, the “highs” of an individual never exceed the hypomania stage except if it was triggered by the mania medications. Throughout manic periods, psychosis might occur. Rapid cycling can also be possible. When talking about bipolar disorder , severity and problems related with moods have its personal variations. Thus, a bipolar spectrum disorder concept is employed more often which includes cyclothymia.
A bipolar disorde r is involving periods of abnormally agitated moods which adds to the depressed mood condition. The depth and length of mood condition widely varies amongst folks diagnosed with a bipolar disorder. Moods can fluctuate from one state to another causing improved functioning or impairment depending on the highs and lows of moods and its severity. The vitality level, social rhythms, cognitive functioning, activity level, and sleep pattern can be altered affecting the normal routine of a person. The depression experienced by people having a bipolar disorder is just like a clinical depression. The symptoms include persistent feelings of tension, unhappiness, anger, guilt, hopelessness, and isolation, appetite and sleep disturbances, fatigue, escapism, lack of interest on things once enjoyed, problems concentrating, indifference or apathy, self-loathing, social anxiety or shyness, chronic hopelessness, and isolation, appetite and sleep disturbances, fatigue, escapism, lack of interest on things once enjoyed, problems concentrating, indifference or apathy, self-loathing, social anxiety or shyness, chronic pain, irritability, and suicidal tendencies. When speaking about disability, loss of productive years, potential suicidal tendency and duration, the periods of depression in a bipolar disorder are widely known today as the most extreme problem of an individual. Sometimes, the mania periods are more disruptive and noticeable to other people.
Some varieties of severe depression are also accompanied by psychosis symptoms. It includes hallucinations (seeing, hearing, or sensing stimuli perceive to be there although it isn’t), delusions (false beliefs of an individual that are not subject to contradictory evidence or reason and aren’t explained by a cultural concept), and escapism (creating diversions mentally to escape from unpleasant and perceived phases of stress). These individuals may be also affected with paranoid thoughts that a powerful entity is monitoring or persecuting them. Some may think that those people who are close to them are conspiring and bullying towards them. Greater levels of anxiety are felt without a cause. They felt that their family or friends are giving them up or leaving them. Unusual and intense religious beliefs can also be present, thus some individuals strongly insists that historic and great missions are given to them to be accomplished believing that they have supernatural powers. Delusions may be more distressing in depressions. It is manifested in the form of a strong guilt for things that are supposedly done wrongly inflicting the lives of other people. Numerous conflicting theories are created considering completely different causes associated with bipolar disorder. Nonetheless, nothing is accepted widely as correct.
The primary nature of a bipolar disorder is flux. It is the state of mental operation wherein an individual is immersed fully on what she or he is doing, accompanied with a feeling of full involvement, energized focus, and success during the activity process. The biological markers of a bipolar disorder include mood, energy, sleep, exercise, and thought. The bipolar disorder’s diagnostic subtypes are sometimes static snapshots of the descriptions of the continuous changes of an illness. Based on the US NIMH (United States National Institute of Mental Health), there is no predetermined reason for a bipolar disorder. Nevertheless, a number of elements are appearing together to create the illness. This disorder additionally runs in families, thus most researchers are searching for a specific gene which increases the potential for developing the disease. Most findings suggest that the disorder is caused by multiple genes similar to other mental diseases.