Several factors are intertwined together to produce a cloth of the illness. Therefore, its being so called to run amongst blood relatives, other factors similar to biochemical and environmental can’t just be eliminated. In other words, having a relative with a bipolar disorder doesn’t always imply you will get it too, however there’s a huge possibility. Moreover, having a clean slate within the family background doesn’t always save you from the lash of the sickness. Luck seems to be the important thing to escaping any illness or disease.
Bipolar disorder is an illness characterized by cyclical mood swings which may begin during the adolescent years or later in life. There are some instances where younger children were afflicted with the disorder. It does not spare any race, gender, social class, or ethnicity. The disorder is handled with an amalgamation of mood stabilizers, anti-depressants, antimanics or anti-psychotics, and psychotherapy.
In any case, individuals stricken with the disorder appear to have biologic similarities that are detected by tests and imaging scans. The sufferers manifest an over production of cortisol (stress hormone); more than the usual hyperactivity in some parts of the brain that’s related with movement and emotional functions; diminished brain activity in parts which might be linked with cognitive functioning; fast biological clock (regulates the body’s circadian rhythm: cycle of sleep and waking); and extreme flooding of calcium into the brain cells.
Bipolar disorder can be brought on by either or a combination of these factors: biochemical or biological, genetic or familial, medication induced, and environmental.
Biochemically speaking, bipolar disorder takes place in a certain part of the brain where a number of neurotransmitters (a type of chemical messenger) are said to have been malfunctioning. Dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine are just the three, maybe a lot more, of neurotransmitters involved in bipolar disorder . With this in mind, the disorder could also be just sleeping or dormant for years and could be set off by some external factors such as stress or crisis. A closer look at the brain research scientists have discovered that a patient’s brain affected by the disorder is “wired differently” from the normal person, which may explain the maddening alterations of extreme emotions.
As for its familial/genetic factor in the cause of the illness, people with first-degree blood relations such as siblings, offspring, or parents are extremely possible candidates for the disorder compared to those that haven’t any relations with the illness. Research scientists have been working hard to discover the specific genes that are involved in the disorder.
Bipolar disorder may also be triggered by medications. This normally happens during misdiagnosis, and therefore the patient is given a medication that may not be competent enough to control the disorder. With a different sickness in mind (in some instances only the depressive mood could have been diagnosed), the physician is probably not alert in detecting unusual changes in the affected person which may be side-tracking from the original diagnosis. An example is the antidepressant medication which may activate a manic incident in patients who’re vulnerable to bipolar disorder . This is because of the fact that the manic stage could have been missed upon in cases of misdiagnosis. Patients suffering from bipolar disorder ought to be prescribed both anti-manic and antidepressant medications. Antimanic medications produce a shield that protects the patient from mania that’s stimulated by the anti-depressant.
Other drugs that can be abused which can cause mania in people are appetite suppressants, cold medications, corticosteroids, designer drugs (cocaine, amphetamines, etc.), and an excessive consumption of caffeine. Abuse of alcohol and other stimulants may also set off the disorder.
Events in a person’s life that causes much stress may vary from a shocking death of a loved one, career loss, pregnancy, geographic changes, to financial bankruptcies. People who are highly likely vulnerable to a stress-caused bipolar disorder are adolescents, old adults, and pregnant women. These are population groups that may be easily pinpointed to have been undergoing huge adjustments in their lives and thus, with a shaky foundation, whether family support or low-self-esteem, they may easily find themselves in a crisis.
Studies have shown that a one time trigger of the disorder can cause a progression and the cycles may begin. If not diagnosed early, it can be hard to control the disorder. Nevertheless, it all boils down on how strong the individual’s coping mechanisms are, and a little self-awareness, too.